Pepper Plant Spacing Made Simple!

harvesting peppers

Growing peppers can be so delicious that when you’re out in the garden harvesting the colorful, ripe fruit, you’ll be tempted to bite right into them. But, successfully planting and caring for your plants so they yield baskets full of rainbow colored peppers can be challenging.

First, you’ll want t make sure you choose the right pepper varieties for your region. You can read more about my favorites in this article.

Then, once you have your plants, you’ll want to focusing on planting them correctly so you set them up for a long season of success. This is where pepper plant spacing comes in. And that just happens to be the focus on this article!

When you learn how and when to plant peppers, including the best spacing, you’re well on your way to an amazing season of sweet pepper harvests!

harvesting yellow peppers

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When & How to Plant Peppers

Best Time to Plant Peppers
Pepper plants are very sensitive to low temperatures. They should not be planted in your garden until you’re certain  the last frost has passed. It’s better to delay planting than risk the death of your plants.

I advise regularly checking the 10 day forecast around the time you’re thinking of planting your pepper seedlings. If there’s any chance of frost you should definitely hold off planting.

In my zone 5 (WI) garden, our average last frost is typically mid-May. But, one year I lost 35 peppers plants over Memorial Day Weekend because I was in a hurry to plant before going out of town, even though the forecast called for pretty low temperatures.

I have an article that shows you how to figure out your average last frost date. It also features a printable planting calendar template that’s customizable to your own garden. It will tell you exactly what to plant each week of the spring season. Grab the planting schedule.

Prepping Garden Beds
I don’t recommend tilling your garden because it can create more weeds by bringing seeds to the surface. The soil structure in your garden is also a complex web of bacteria and fungi that serves your plants better if it stays intact. And, wrestling with a tiller can be a lot of work.

You don’t need to dig, flip, till or do any heavy soil lifting. I definitely don’t! In fact, many people are shocked when they find out that I’ve never tilled my garden in the 21 years I’ve been a gardener. You can read more about setting up a no-till garden. I’m all for simple and easy in my garden.  And I share exactly how I go about prepping spring garden beds.

How to Plant a Seedling in Your Garden
How I prep a garden bed depends on what I’m planting (seed or seedling) and what the weather has been in my garden. Peppers are planted by seedlings, not seeds, so this part will go quickly!

There are some specific steps you should take when planting seedlings and I have two ways for you to learn how do it correctly:

You can read this article about how to plant seedlings which takes you through the eight steps I use for planting every time.

You can also choose to watch the video that accompanies the above article. I filmed it in my garden to demonstrate planting a seedling in real-time. The video talks a bit more about how I don’t dig or flip any of my soil before planting. I simply pull the mulch aside and plant. So easy!

Read and/or watch those first and then come back to find out about the specifics of planting peppers.

picking peppers

Everything You Need to Know About Pepper Plant Spacing 

In my experience working with thousands of gardeners over the years, I’ve learned that many gardeners either plant seedlings way too close, which stunts their growth, or super far apart, which wastes space.

I’m a big fan of planting seedlings at just the right spacing to maximize how many I can plant in a garden bed and also give them the room they need to grow.

At their mature size, the leaves of the pepper plant should be just touching the leaves of its neighbor plants on either side. Anything closer and they’re too crowded, anything farther apart means you could have fit more plants in that space.

My favorite pepper plant spacing is three rows down the length of the garden bed. But, this only works if your beds are between 3 1/2 – 4’ wide. If they are this size, I recommend planting your pepper plants 18” apart in 3 rows.

If your garden beds are more narrow or wider, you can simply adjust the number of rows across the bed. For example, if your beds are 2-3’ wide plant two rows down the bed. If your beds are 5’ wide experiment with 4 rows per bed.

You should always stagger the planting of seedlings so that they are offset from each other in a triangular pattern like in the illustration below. This gives them more room to grow.

Below is an example of my pepper plant spacing. Each circle is a plant. They are spaced 18” apart in three rows down the bed. The rows are simply distributed evenly across the 4′ wide bed.

pepper plant spacing guide

Examples of Pepper Plantings

I grow 30-35 pepper plants in my garden each year. Yes, I LOVE growing peppers, it’s true. I usually plant one long garden bed full of peppers and then spread the rest around in my garden where there is extra room.

Below are some examples of how I like to plant my peppers.

examples of pepper plant spacing

This photo shows a full garden bed planted with three rows of peppers down the length of the bed.

If you don’t have a full garden bed to devote to your peppers or you just plant a few, you can plant them wherever they’re going to get full sun, 8-10 hours/day.

This photo shows one of my garden beds with a trellis. I planted a single row of peppers on the south side of the trellis so they wouldn’t get shaded.

how far apart to plant peppers

A Farmer’s tip – In my area of Madison, WI, many farmers use black plastic to grow peppers because it heats up the soil in our cooler climate. I’m not a huge fan of using plastic in the garden, but I did manage to find an old billboard that I use to cover the soil. I cut holes in the vinyl at every 18″, three rows to the bed. 

I then planted a pepper in each hole. I’ve done some experiments where I planted half of my peppers in the bed covered in black plastic and the other half in a bed covered with mulch. I haven’t seen a remarkable difference between the two, but I’m going to keep experimenting.

You can see the black billboard peeking out from under the plants in one of the photos above.

Pepper Plant Care & Maintenance

Fertilizer
Don’t overfeed your plants with nitrogen or your peppers will produce a lot of leaves but not much fruit. Using a complete organic fertilizer when planting is a great way to supply some extra nutrients. Read about which organic garden fertilizers I recommend.

Mulching
Mulching around each pepper plant (I like marsh hay) will help retain moisture and build up organic matter. It will also prevent the pepper fruits from touching the bare soil, which sometimes causes them to rot. Read more about  vegetable garden mulch and why it’s the ultimate garden tool .

Watering
Most vegetable plants do best with about 1 inch of water per week, more if you have sandy soil. If it doesn’t rain around an inch during the week then water your plants deeply with a wand and hose or install a drip irrigation system. Read more about the best ways to go about watering your vegetable garden.

Staking
Peppers that are fully loaded with fruit have a tendency to lean or fall over because the plant can’t support the weight of the ripening fruit. I recommend supporting each plant to help it remain upright.

In my garden, I tie each plant with sisal twine to a bamboo stake. I also have a few cute U-shaped bamboo stakes I bought at a garden store. 

pepper plant staked in garden

This photo features a 2′ tall u-shaped bamboo stake. I sandwich the plant with sisal twine and also loop it around the stake to hold it up. See close up shot below. Find them here.

pepper plant staked with bamboo

Below is a garden bed of with my recommended pepper plant spacing. Each plant staked with a single straight 2′ piece of bamboo. I tie the plant to the stake with the twine. Find them here.

pepper plants growing and staked in garden

Temperature 
Peppers grow best at temperatures of 70-80 degrees F during the day and 65-70 F at night. The plants set fruit at temperatures between 75-86 F. If temperatures are below 72 F they won’t set fruit well.

If the temperatures are above 90 F during the day or less than 55 F at night while the plants are flowering they often drop their flowers. This unfortunate timing might result in less overall fruit to harvest.

freezing peppers

Additional Resources for Growing Great Peppers

I love growing peppers and have a lot of articles about this delectable, but sometimes challenging, vegetable.

If you start your own pepper seeds, it can be a tricky process. There are some specific steps you need to take to ensure success. My tips for starting peppers indoors.

Read my Essential Guide for Growing Sweet Peppers.

If you do decide to prune your pepper plants (I’ve experimented with this!) make sure you leave some shade for the fruits to be protected from the mid-day sun.

Once your peppers start ripening, feel confident that you know when to pick peppers.

When the bumper harvest arrives and you have more peppers than you can possibly eat fresh, it’s time to preserve some for winter. My favorite way is to freeze them raw. It’s super easy! Come over to this article and I’ll walk you through my process for how to freeze peppers.

MASTERCLASS
In each season of my Masterclass – Success In Every Season: Get Better Results From Your Garden All Year Long – we focus on exactly what you need to know to be successful. The seasons build upon one another (just like in your garden!) to create a complete toolkit of skills that will set you up for a more joyful gardening experience

When you make smarter decisions in your garden, you end up having more success, which means gardening is a lot more fun. Read more about it here.

BOOKS
gardening planning book

 

 

Set yourself up for a successful season with the Smart Start Garden Planner. It keeps garden planning practical, down-to-earth, and fun!

Get a sample of the book so you can peek inside here. 

 

 

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If you want to learn more about how to make the harvest last longer by quickly and easily preserving vegetables, fruits and herbs, check out my book, Super Easy Food Preservinghere.

Get started stocking your pantry for winter!

 

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There are many riches to be had in this world and I’d argue that a garden bursting with ripe, colorful peppers is one of them. Somehow they feel rare, decadent and valuable. 

Growing lots of red peppers is very much an attainable goal for your garden. And when you reach that goal, I hope you feel as rich as I do!

 

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Save Time Preserving: Freeze Your Veggies!

time-saving food preserving tips for garden harvests

Our garden harvests start to roll in right around the time when everything else needs to be done – escaping our stressful lives for our long-awaited summer vacation, shopping for back to school clothes for the kids, and hosting our sister’s fun and rowdy family for their annual visit.

No wonder it’s hard to make food preserving a priority.

Combine this with the common misconception that the only way to preserve food is by canning (who has time for that?!) and you end up with a depressing pile of rotting vegetables staring you in the face every time you open the fridge door.

What if I told you there were plenty of time-saving food preserving tips for putting up your summer harvest that had nothing to do with long canning sessions in a hot kitchen sweating your little gardener buns off?

One of the easiest time-saving techniques is freezing vegetables instead of canning them. With canning, it makes sense to wait until you have a large amount of one vegetable, but with freezing, you can work with whatever quantity of vegetables or fruits you have on hand that day. And often, you can prep veggies for freezing in as little as 10 minutes.

Why mess with canning when you can easily freeze so much of summer’s bounty?

5 Easy Preserving Ideas For This Weekend’s Harvest

Harvest from the garden with easy food preserving ideas for summer

During the harvest season, many of us have fridges bursting with excess produce and not a lot of time to squeeze long sessions of food preserving into our already busy schedules.

But, preserving food doesn’t have to be difficult, time-consuming, or result in a kitchen that looks like someone had a massive tomato fight in it.

This weekend, instead of letting your extra garden harvest rot in the fridge, try some of these easy preserving ideas. When the dark and cold nights of January arrive, imagine the pleasure and satisfaction you’ll feel when you open your freezer to find gleaming jars of pesto all lined up as little reminders of summer.

Gardening Puns and Gardening Quotes to Make You Laugh

vegetable harvest

Wise women and men say that gardening is good for the soul and that laughter is the best medicine. Would that mean gardening puns, gardening quotes, and gardening jokes have an innate superpower to keep us healthy and spiritually fulfilled?

Gardening can feed your family and beautify your world. It’s a profession, hobby, and pastime with a history stretching back tens of thousands of years. Gardeners have been tending to their plots for millennia for the benefit of their families and communities.

But sometimes, gardening is difficult. You may find gardening stressful rather than rewarding at times. The sun is hot, the bugs are fierce, and sometimes Mother Nature just won’t cooperate.

If gardening’s got you down or it’s winter and you can’t wait for spring to begin, a few gardening puns will lighten the mood. Sometimes, it’s more fun to put the shears down, relax, and read the gardening memes for some old-fashioned entertainment.

5 Reasons Why Your Pepper Plants Aren’t Growing

solutions for pepper plants not growing

After teaching gardening for over 20 years, I can confidently say that many gardeners in colder climates like mine have difficulty growing peppers. The problems often begin in late winter when gardeners are starting peppers indoors and continue into the summer when they wonder why are their pepper plants not growing.

I used to struggle with growing peppers as well, until I figured out the various factors that can negatively affect peppers. Once you can identify and solve for these issues, you’ll be well on your way to abundant and colorful pepper harvests every summer.

Let’s get started exploring the reasons why your pepper plants might not be growing as well as you’d like.

Is It Possible to Have a Weed Free Garden?

weed free garden 

First, let’s start with the bad news – there’s not actually such a thing as a weed free garden. Sorry. Some weeds will always be a part of your garden reality.

But, I also have some good news…you can definitely have a weed less garden.

Dealing with lots of weeds in the vegetable garden, especially in summer, is a common complaint I hear from many gardeners.

A few months ago a fellow gardener said to me, “I hate going away in the summer for a week vacation because when I come back my garden is taken over by weeds.”

I was taken aback when they said this.

Why? Because this should absolutely not happen in your garden.

Let me repeat, you should be able to go away for a week at any time during the season and not come home to a garden mess. There are several points during the season where I go on vacation and when I return, my garden looks pretty much the same, except for surprisingly bigger plants.

In this article, you’ll learn how to incorporate some strategic techniques so you’ll spend less time weeding your garden and more time enjoying it.

Want More Peppers? Try Pruning Pepper Plants

picking peppers in the garden

Who doesn’t love peppers?  They’re crunchy, sweet or spicy, and they’re wonderful eaten raw or cooked.  If you’re like many gardeners, you’ve even plucked one straight from the plant and eaten it on the spot.

They’re not always easy to grow, but it sure is gratifying to see those small seedlings flourish and produce fruit. (Plenty of tips for growing sweet peppers in this article.)

Like many plants, peppers can benefit from some pruning during the season. It’s not necessary, but I suggest experimenting with it to see if you notice any improvement in your pepper crop.

Many gardeners ask the following questions about pruning pepper plants:

What pepper plants should I prune?

When should I prune?

How should I prune?

In this article, I’ll share some advice on the best methods for pruning pepper plants.

When to Pick Peppers for the Best Possible Taste

harvesting a red pepper

Growing peppers can be tricky for many gardeners, and if you do succeed, when exactly to pick peppers can be confusing.

Here’s my first recommendation – you should not pick the majority of peppers when they’re green.

Green peppers are the tasteless cousins of red, orange and yellow peppers. In reality, they’re just an unripe pepper, similar to a green tomato. I don’t waste my time with them. If possible, I wait for every single one of my peppers to ripen before I harvest it. 

In the book Ripe, Cheryl Sternman Rule, perfectly expresses my opinion of the difference between red and green peppers:

“If a green pepper rang my doorbell, I might look through the peep hole and then pretend I’m not home, easing back from the door so it doesn’t see my shadow. But, a red bell pepper? That’s a different situation…

If a red pepper came to the door? I’d let it in, pull out a chair, and invite it to stay. Then I’d tackle it from behind and eat it. 

You ring my bell, you take your chances.” 

You can eat peppers when they’re still green, but the flavor and vitamin content increases as they ripen to yellow, orange and red. I try to practice patience and wait until the entire pepper has turned its intended ripe color. 

During the height of the late summer harvest season, I can often be found out in my garden harvesting bowls and bowls full of red, orange and yellow peppers. 

Join me and learn how to know when to pick peppers in your garden.

How to Use Tomato Cages for Larger Harvests

tomatoes with a cageWhether you’re a rural dweller with a huge vegetable garden or an urbanite who practices small space gardening, you’ve probably tried your hand at growing tomatoes. Everyone loves the savory taste of homegrown tomatoes, and growing them can be fun.

While growing tomatoes has its rewards, it also has its challenges. Because tomato plants grow rapidly, they need to be caged or the tomato stems can bend or even break, spilling all of that beautiful fruit on the ground.

So what do you do? You’ve probably heard that many gardeners use tomato cages. But you may be unsure of how to buy and use them. In this article, I’ll share some tips on how to use tomato cages to assure that you have plenty of ripe, juicy tomatoes all season.

Build the best soil for a vegetable garden

soil on beets and carrots

Soil! It’s health (or lack thereof) is one of the most important factors in the success in you garden. But, what is the best soil for a vegetable garden?

There are a lot of different opinions out there, and plenty of internet ads telling you to buy bagged soils and compost that will solve all of your problems. 

The answer isn’t so simple because there is a complex web of life that lives under the soil surface, along with the nutrients your plants need to grow and flourish. Dumping a bag of compost onto a garden bed isn’t going to magically result in amazing plants. 

Believe me, I’ve tried that.

Instead, let’s walk through a little tutorial about soil and nutrients. I didn’t understand soil when I first started gardening and my plants suffered because of it.

You can absolutely have a thriving vegetable garden if you take some steps to understand what plants needs to grow, discover the quality of your garden soil, and learn the actions you can take to build up the nutrients in your soil.

Let’s dive in to the best soil for a vegetable garden!

Fabulous Flowers For Raised Beds

cut flowers for garden

One of my missions is to bust the misconception that vegetable gardens aren’t attractive. I strongly believe that you can have a vegetable garden that produces a lot of food and is beautiful to look at.

What’s the secret?

Plant lots and lots of flowers among your vegetables. Annuals are my flowers of choice, although I also plant spring bulbs in my vegetable beds for some early season color.

Tucking flowers throughout your garden will add colorful pops of beauty to draw the eye into and around the space, attract tons of beneficial insects like bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds, and impress your neighbors because they’ve never seen a vegetable garden looking so good!

In this article, I’ll share the best flowers for raised beds. This list features my absolute favorite flowers I’ve been growing in my vegetable garden for many years.

It’s not too late! Planting garlic in spring

garlic cloves for spring planting

In an ideal world, you planted your garlic in the fall. But, we and our gardens don’t always exist in a reality where we accomplish everything on our garden to-do lists. Luckily, if you forgot to plant last fall, moved to a new house in winter, or just discovered that you want to grow garlic, planting garlic in spring is an option. 

Garlic is definitely an ingredient I use in my kitchen almost every day, and having your own freshly grown garlic is amazing if you like to cook.  

Garlic is a versatile herb that can be used in many different dishes. It has a strong flavor that can be used to add flavor to sauces, soups, and stews. Garlic can also be used as a seasoning for meat, poultry, and fish. In addition, garlic has many health benefits and can help to reduce the risk of heart disease and cancer.

And growing garlic is incredibly easy, particularly for gardeners in cold climates. 

When planting your spring garden, garlic is a great addition to your planting schedule. Ready to get started growing garlic? Grab your garden gloves and read on!

Learn How to Get Better Results.

Let's start with talking about the top 5 mistakes most gardeners make.
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